Why do not parents understand anything about their teens?

Vice Versa, the new movie from Disney-Pixar Studios, features a fantastic journey to the center of the brain of an 11-year-old girl. A successful introduction to the mystery of this difficult time for parents and children.

Hélène Fresnel

Because it's the end of childlike indifference

She is 11 years old and will not let anyone say that it is the most beautiful age of life. Why does her joie de vivre leave Riley, Vice Versa's heroine? Because, like all children of her age, she goes through a period of transformations that she does not understand and over which she feels she has no hold. The illusion of childishness is over. "We lose something fundamental when we grow up - everyone is able to feel it: adults, in a form of retrospective empathy, and children, because When I saw Elly, my cheerful, extroverted girl, fall back on herself, I wondered what was happening in her, "says director Pete Docter. The beginning of adolescence has a considerable impact on the physiological, neuronal and psychological development. Children fall back on themselves, are more vulnerable to stress, eating or depressive disorders, risky behaviors.

Because emotions intensify

Opinion is divided among researchers: a recent study from the University of Glasgow (UK) lists four fundamental human emotions, researcher Paul Ekman and many others counted six: fear, anger, joy, sadness, disgust, surprise. Psychologists from the University of Ohio (USA) added to these essential emotions fifteen others, called "composites", combining for example joy and disgust or joy and pride. In adolescence, the maturing brain develops a lot emotionally. It responds more impulsively to outside events than to adulthood. This increases the risk of tension in relationships.

Because children want to emancipate

During adolescence, human beings like many other animal species socialize. And argue with their parents. According to the researchers, this evolution aims to encourage separation with the family environment, geographical, in order to eventually find a partner. InVice Versa, this thirst for socialization is visually embodied by the "personality islands" that structure Riley: friendship, honesty, hockey (synonymous with self-confidence as it accumulates trophies) and Goofball (comic visual, which makes her laugh). These islands support self-esteem.

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